My Path: Home | Customer Center | Resources / Tips | Glossary of Shipping Terms

Glossary of Shipping Terms


N.C.I.T.D. – National Committee on International Trade Documentation.

N.M.F.C. – National Motor Freight Classification.

N.P.C.F.B. – North Pacific Coast Freight Bureau.

NCB – National Cargo Bureau, established in 1952 as a non-profit marine surveying organization that inspects and surveys ships and cargoes incidental to loading and discharging. It issues certificates as evidence of compliance with the provisions of the Dangerous Cargo Act and the Rules and Regulations for Bulk Grain Cargo.

NEC – Abbreviation for "Not Elsewhere Classified."

NES – Abbreviation for "Not Elsewhere Specified."

NOIBN – Abbreviation for "Not Otherwise Indexed By Name."

NOI – Abbreviation for "Not Otherwise Indexed."

NOR – Notice of Readiness (when the ship is ready to load.)

NOS – Abbreviation for "Not Otherwise Specified."

NRT - Net Register Tons see "Net Tonnage" – Theoretically the cargo capacity of the ship. Sometimes used to charge fees or taxes on a vessel.

National Strategy for Maritime Security – In December 2004 the President directed the Secretaries of the Department of Defense and Homeland Security to lead the Federal effort to develop a comprehensive National Strategy for Maritime Security, to better integrate and synchronize the existing Department-level strategies and ensure their effective and efficient implementation. The strategy includes eight supporting plans to address the specific threats and challenges of the maritime environment and combined they present a comprehensive national effort to promote global economic stability and protect legitimate activities while preventing hostile or illegal acts within the maritime domain.

Nautical Mile – Distance of one minute of longitude at the equator, approximately 6,076.115. The metric equivalent is 1852.

Naval Cooperation and Guidance for Shipping (NCAGS) – It is a naval organization with members who are trained to establish and provide advice for safe passage of merchant ships worldwide, during times of peace, tension, crisis and war. NCAGS personnel act as a liaison between military commanders and the civil authorities. During war, the NCAGS organization may be responsible for establishing a convoy.

Negotiable B/L: – - The B/L is a title document to the goods, issued "to the order of" a party, usually the shipper, whose endorsement is required to effect is negotiation.Thus, a shipper's order (negotiable) B/L can be bought, sold, or traded while goods are in transit and is commonly used for letter-of-credit transactions. The buyer must submit the original B/L to the carrier in order to take possession of the goods.

Negotiable Instruments – A document of title (such as a draft, promissory note, check, or bill of lading) transferable from one person to another in good faith for a consideration. Non-negotiable bills of lading are known as "straight consignment." Negotiable bills are known as "order b/l's."

Nested – Articles packed so that one rests partially or entirely within another, thereby reducing the cubic-foot displacement.

Net Tare Weight – The weight of an empty cargo-carrying piece of equipment plus any fixtures permanently attached.

Net Tonnage (NT) –

Net Weight – Weight of the goods alone without any immediate wrappings, e.g., the weight of the contents of a tin can without the weight of the can.

Neutral Body – An organization established by the members of an ocean conference acts as a self-policing force with broad authority to investigate tariff violations, including authority to scrutinize all documents kept by the carriers and their personnel. Violations are reported to the membership and significant penalties are assessed.

Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (NK) – A Japanese classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regarding construction and maintenance.

No-show – Cargo which has been booked but does not arrive in time to be loaded before the vessel sails.See also "Windy Booking."

Nomenclature of the Customs Cooperation Council – The Customs tariff used by most countries worldwide. It was formerly known as the Brussels Tariff Nomenclature and is the basis of the commodity coding system known as the Harmonized System.

Non-Dumping Certificate – Required by some countries for protection against the dumping of certain types of merchandise or products.

Non-Negotiable B/L: – - See Straight B/L. Sometimes means a file copy of a B/L. "

Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC) – A cargo consolidator in ocean trades who will buy space from a carrier and sub-sell it to smaller shippers. The NVOCC issues bills of lading, publishes tariffs and otherwise conducts itself as an ocean common carrier, except that it will not provide the actual ocean or intermodal service.

Nose – Front of a container or trailer-opposite the tail.